Tag Archives: Shot Peening

Automotive Supplier Achieves Process Stability, High Cost Efficiency with Modular Shot Peening System

For transmission components like gears and shafts, shot peening has become an indispensable step in the overall manufacturing process.  

With the RWT swing table machine, Rosler developed a modular equipment concept that can be easily adapted to different technical requirements and offers a maximum in process stability paired with absolutely repeatable peening results and high cost efficiency. One of the numerous customers within the automotive industry utilizing the RWT is an Asian automotive supplier.

The Need

As part of a capacity expansion for minivan transmissions, this customer increased annual production to 40,000 units and decided to carry out the required shot peening operation in-house instead of subcontracting it to an external job shop.

The specifications called for a system that can handle around 560,000 single work pieces per year, including 15 different types of gears and shafts. Each work piece type required the development of a specific peening program based on drawings and various work piece materials.

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Automation, Part 2 – Why Automation is Beneficial for Your Business

It’s hard to dispute that technology, on the whole, has made our lives easier and more convenient. Myriad functions have been automated – and improved – to mitigate the effects of human intervention. We make purchases more intelligently, we manage data more efficiently, we can control devices with our voices and eye movements, and we ultimately move through life with less left to chance.

In the world of manufacturing, this mitigation of human intervention promises even greater and more measurable, efficiencies. At Rosler Metal Finishing, quality improvements and cost benefits that have resulted from the mechanization and automation of mass finishing and shot blasting operations deliver dividends that transcend the manufacturing floor.

Rosler Multichannel System
Rosler Multichannel System

Since the first microprocessor-controlled machine appeared on the manufacturing floor in 1974, hundreds of new varieties have been shipped across the world. With each improvement, these automated attendants encompass a larger footprint, are able to handle heavier loads and more axes, and require fewer controllers to do their work, according to a McKinsey study.

Automation has revolutionized smaller tasks as well, including simple parts bin handling, lift assists, automatic media adding systems, or multi-step process control systems (like those where noxious chemicals are dosed, without human risk, into the process).

So how do these automation upgrades pay off for you? Let’s start by taking a look at where mass finishing and shot blasting has fit into the manufacturing paradigm. Then we’ll dive deeper into the benefits of today’s automated processes which have a lasting impact on the finished product.

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Shot Peening – Blasting for Longer Component Life

High speed and highly controlled, the process of shot peening has many similarities to the aerospace, automotive, and aviation components it is used on. The machines require absolute precision and reproducibility much like the components they are preparing for long life and changing loads.

Shot peening is a special shot blasting process in which spherical blast media is thrown at the surface of metallic work pieces. The impact energy of the pellets “cold forms” the upper layers of the metal similar to hammering and forging processes.

More on shot peening for longer component life

Three Reasons To Shot Peen Medical Implants

People associate shot peening with automotive and aerospace components.  However, did you know it’s used in the medical implant and component industry.  Bone screws, dental implants, and hip and knee replacement components are just a few of the medical implants that are shot peened.

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MPa and Relationship to Almen Strips

Almen Strip Comparator

This test is widely used on the shop floor as they are comparator measurements, calibrated originally from the MPa measurement results of the x -ray diffractometer.

The requirements for these checks, are specified in standards.

The aerospace industry applies the most rigid of standards when using Almen strips and checking devices.

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How to Measure Residual Stress

Measurements – Imperial and Metric explanation

Imperial
Ksi means kilopound per square unit and is derived from psi(lbs/square inch).  Kilo, which is often used in the metric system basically means a thousand (1000).  It comes from the Greek word for 1000. Therefore, a kilopound is 1000 pounds.

Metric
A Megapascal (or MPa) is a variation on a pascal.   Mega in this case means 1,000,000 and again it means “great”.  As you may guess, when using MPa you are usually working with something heavy or with a high pressure!

Both ksi (kilopound per square inch) and megapascal (MPa) are units of pressure measurement – the former is an Imperial unit of measurement and the latter a metric unit.
Ksi values are commonly converted to MPa, as the metric system is the more widely used system of measurement.

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Measurement Of Compressive Residual Stress Using X-ray Diffraction

A sub-surface compressive residual stress profile is measured using x-ray diffraction measuring equipment.

The X-axis is the measurement of the depth in mm or inches the Y-axis is measure of residual stress in ksi or MPa.

Rösler “in house” laboratory, x-ray diffraction measuring equipment
Rösler “in house” laboratory, x-ray diffraction measuring equipment

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What Will Peening Do For My Components?

Shot peening is a cold work process used to enhance the life of metal components, to prevent fatigue, stress corrosion failures and prolong the product life for the component part.

Peening 1Fatigue is the weakening of a material caused by repeatedly applied loads.  It is the progressive and localised structural damage that occurs when a material is subjected to a cyclic loading.

Fatigue occurs when a material is subjected to repeated loading and unloading.   If the loads are above a certain threshold point microscopic cracks will begin to form at the stress concentration points, such as the surface, sharp points in the deviation in shape and the internal grain structure. Eventually a crack will reach a critical size, the crack will elongate suddenly, and the component will break.

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Batch Treatment Of Springs

Leading manufacturers of engine valve and piston ring springs utilise general blast cleaning and shot peening systems.
There are various blast treatment options adapted to a multitude of spring sizes and geometries, depending on your treatment objectives.

Wave spring 1

images 8 - cropped

No other industrial item is produced in such a wide variety.

 

 

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Rösler Invests In Their Own X-Ray Diffractometer For Precise Measurements

Shot peening increases the fatigue life of components exposed to dynamic stress, for example, of a toothed gear component
Shot peening increases the fatigue life of components exposed to dynamic stress, for example, of a toothed gear component

Shot Peening – for longer component life

The strength and service life of components exposed to high dynamic stresses can be significantly improved by shot peening. In order to be able to quickly develop tailor made shot peening solutions for their customers, Rősler now have their own in house testing facility in Memmelsdorf.

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